Wednesday, December 25, 2019
Misconceptions are false ideas or beliefs that often root from pre-mature assumptions, or inherited point of views. These misconceptions exist, and will be eternally present. Misconceptions can be formed about topics such as race, gender, politics, and culture. The results of minor misconceptions could be harmless. However, misconceptions can be dangerous when they are major or widespread. After performing a subject analysis on A Lesson Before Dying, Persepolis, and Ã¢â¬Å"Exploring the Negative Consequences of StereotypingÃ¢â¬ ; I conclude that when an individual person or party is subjected to a misconception, they will react negatively. Stereotypes are one form of misconceptions. A stereotype is an Ã¢â¬Å"unfair belief that all people orÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Further proof of my claimÃ¢â¬â¢s validity can be found within the following quote taken from Sam and GrantÃ¢â¬â¢s conversation, Ã¢â¬Å"YouÃ¢â¬â¢re smart. Maybe youÃ¢â¬â¢re just a little too smart for your own good Ã¢â¬ ¦ I donÃ¢â¬â¢t like itÃ¢â¬ (Gaines 49). This quote displays an example of denial to the possibility of intelligent African Americans. Sam Guidry acknowledges GrantÃ¢â¬â¢s intelligence; however, he also conveys that he does not approve of it. JeffersonÃ¢â¬â¢s defense and Sam Guidry are perfect examples of the common white personÃ¢â¬â¢s mindset during the 1940Ã¢â¬â¢s. Both examples given represent instances in which racial stereotypes are present and how they affect the people subjected to them. Obviously, as the given support shows, the parties who are subjected to these stereotypes react negatively. In Mar jane SatrapiÃ¢â¬â¢s graphic novel Persepolis, a common misconception among the Iranian children was the meaning of the saying Ã¢â¬Å"on a tripÃ¢â¬ (Satrapi 48). Laly was one of the children who was subjected to this common misconception. The previous statement can be confirmed by the following quotes from Marji and LalyÃ¢â¬â¢s conversation: Marji inquired, Ã¢â¬Å"Where is your father?Ã¢â¬ and Laly responded, Ã¢â¬Å"on a tripÃ¢â¬ (Satrapi 48). However, Marji wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t convinced by this way of thinking. The reader could conclude this from MarjiÃ¢â¬â¢s response to LalyÃ¢â¬â¢s last comment, which was Ã¢â¬Å"DonÃ¢â¬â¢t you know that when they keep saying someone is on a trip it really means he is dead?Ã¢â¬ , Ã¢â¬Å"at least thatShow MoreRelatedMetaphors : Metaphors And Mental Health1706 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesmany sufferers thinking Ã¢â¬Å"popping a pillÃ¢â¬ is a quick fix. This type of misconception may lead a treatable patient to feel hopeless, even suicidal, instead of trusting of the process. Sufferers of mental illness are not the only people who are affected by the language of our culture regarding mental health. Mental illness can effect the entire family. When these types of social stigmas are attached to the mentally ill, that negativity can be subconsciously perpetuated by friends and family. Out of fearRead MoreHealth Hazards Of Children Service Essay1615 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagescharged with taking care of the children at a personal level Use proper gear when touching personal effects belonging to the children Unfriendly work environment Low Anyone working in the organization Minimize the possibility of occurrence of any negativities Waste disposal and sanitation Medium People charged with cleaning Handling waste and dirt appropriately Personal stress and Fatigue Medium Anyone within the organization Work healthy while not overworking yourself, as well as, avoiding stressfulRead MoreThe Methadone Train And Medication Assisted Treatment1550 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagestreatment. They allege that the majority of opioid-dependent users are not enrolled in medication assisted treatment (MAT) due to negative social perceptions of the drug. They blame the media, specifically reality television, for the misconceptions regarding dangers of MAT using methadone. They feel it would be beneficial to understand how users obtain information about methadone in order to develop better educational and communication tools on the treatment. Stating that no known studies to dateRead MoreMedicinal Marijuana Should Not Be Banned1572 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesÃ¢â¬Å"Medicinal marijuana does more harm to our society than it does good.Ã¢â¬ This is a common misconception from those who oppose medicinal marijuana, and are ill informed of the pract ical uses. In this day and age there are many advances in medicine, and ways to treat and even cure some diseases or disorders. But due to the bad stigma that surrounds marijuana, there are people who refuse to acknowledge possibilities of medicinal properties. In this paper I will give examples of a few major breakthroughsRead MoreNegative Criticism Of Frankenstein1279 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesnot the case in the original book Ã¢â¬Å"FrankensteinÃ¢â¬ by Mary Shelley. As my classmate said, Ã¢â¬Å"FrankensteinÃ¢â¬ is not only an ionic book, but also ironic considering that the theme of Frankenstein is people being misunderstood when the book itself has misconceptions over the true meaning thanks to the movie that changed the views people had over Frankenstein. Today there are several viewpoints over the works of Ã¢â¬Å"FrankensteinÃ¢â¬ . Some people consider the creature to a victim of the wretched demonic hands ofRead MoreSymptoms And Outcomes Of Schizophrenia1634 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesunderstand the disease, its symptoms and causes (Jorm et al., 1997). Boyle (2002) said that schizophrenia is a mental illness which is seen to cause bizarre behaviour and mental experiences. She argued that this definition is grounds to create misconceptions about people with schizophrenia. Fear of the negative stigmas that the public will view them with once they are diagnosed with a mental illness causes some individuals to resist seeking help (Cooper, Corrigan, Watson, 2003). Evidence advocatesRead MoreThe And The Aids Epidemic1992 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pagesreligio-spiritual space, a place to establish relationships, and helped facilitate the initiation of men into homosexual practice (Prior and Cusack). This article clearly relates to the game because many questions from the game come from the article. Many misconceptions about bathhouses can be cleared up from this article. For example, I asked my roommates if they knew what bathhouses were and all of them said Ã¢â¬Å"a place for gay men to have sexÃ¢â¬ . Yes, that is correct however they thought that was the only purposeRead MoreKill A Mockingbird By Harper Lee1810 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pagesfather in his time of need even if it means he has to place his life and his sisterÃ¢â¬â¢s life in danger. They originally believed that Mrs. Dubose was a cruel woman, but they saw that she was in fact quite brave. They use her as an inspiration in their encounter with the mob. Luckily, the children are successful in dispersing the mob and in saving not only Tom, but Atticus as well. Therefore, after their misconception of Mrs. Dubose, they are able to learn from her and apply this newfound knowledge in theirRead MoreRacism And The Civil Right s Movement2014 Words Ã |Ã 9 Pagesguides of how to act in reality. While these images could provide positive role-models, the media has recently been influencing societyÃ¢â¬â¢s behavior with the use of negative stereotypes of blacks. The media associates black people with the general misconceptions of being Ã¢â¬Å"Ã¢â¬ ¦stupidÃ¢â¬ ¦disrespectful, violentÃ¢â¬ ¦ignorant, menacing, untidy, rebelliousÃ¢â¬ ¦[and] uneducatedÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ (Punyanunt-Carter 2008). Laura Green, a student counselor at Virginia Commonwealth University Qatar with a masters in social work, compares theRead MoreAnalysis Of `` Hidden Figures, Movie Directed By Theodore Melfi And Bend It Like Beckham1943 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pages Through the use of cinematic techniques, Hidden figures, a movie directed by Theodore Melfi and Bend it like Beckham by Gurinder Chadha both explore the dangers that are inherent in a marginalised society. Each texts demonstrates that hope for change is needed in society as, hope can build the momentum for an individual to strive. Through these texts we see that people have no conscience about harming others until they learn the truth about their circumstances. This is depicted by the way in which
Tuesday, December 17, 2019
The Correlation between Stress, Overweight and Exercise Stress, exercise and obesity Ã¢â¬â what do they have in common and what roll do they play in the human body? Stress can cause obesity and exercise can elevate stress and obesity. They Mayo Clinic says that Ã¢â¬Å"stress can put a body at risk for many health problems, including Ã¢â¬â anxiety, depression, digestive problems, heart disease, sleep problems, weight gain, memory and concentration impairmentÃ¢â¬ (Staff, 2013). In the same article the Mayo Clinic says that one way to react to stressors in life is to get regular exercise. When a person is under stress, typically a fight or flight situation, the hypothalamus sets off an alarm in the brain, causing the adrenal gland to release the hormones, adrenaline and cortisol. Adrenaline, increases the heart rate, raises blood pressure and boosts energy, it is a fast acting hormone that starts to wear off once the situation has resolved. Cortisol, the primary stress hormone, curbs the non-fight or flight body systems, incre ases glucose to the brain and alters immune, digestive and growth systems. If a person is under constant stress from work, home, school, relationships, finances, etc. cortisol is constantly being released into the body causing the immune, digestive and reproductive systems to slow down. Cortisol also slows the growth process and increases the glucose in the body. When the immune system is slowed the body has a harder time fighting off germs andShow MoreRelatedThe Effects Of Obesity On Children s Obesity Essay1277 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesanswer maybe, we must find it quick. Obesity in children Is becoming an epidemic. And the African American population is leading the way. According to WE Can!, a program of the National Institutes of health 31.7 percent of children between the age of 2-19 years old are overweight or obese. Including an African American population of 35.9 percent. This number is more than the 29.3 percent that represent the White children in the same age category. Following my intital research on Child Obesity, I foundRead MoreThe Effects Of Self Efficacy On Self Confidence And Self Esteem1570 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pageseven begin to exercise on their own. If someone is unsure of how to perform a certain exercise or feeling as if they will not be able to stay with a program it can be a deterrent from even beginning. Feeling ridiculed for performing an exercise incorrectly can have an effect on self-confidence and self-esteem. Their perceived notion of how others will view them is very real to them but may be misplaced fear. It becomes difficult to enjoy doing something when there is so much stress and anxietyRead MoreMental Health Issues And Levels Of Participation1725 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesleading a busy life. As the modern world becomes more and more reliant on technology, and an increasing number of occupations require employees to sit at a desk for long hours, there is a need to remedy the stress that is associated with these Ã¢â¬Å"desk jobs.Ã¢â¬ This report addresses the connection between mental health issues and levels of participation in outdoor recreation, and after presenting relevant data, gives options for dealing with the aforementioned problems. After multiple surveys were administeredRead MoreChildhood Obesity Is Becoming A Major Public Health Crisis Essay1375 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages(Basal Metabolic Index) and CDC growth charts to determine obesity and overweight in adolescents and children. The BMI-for-age percentile is determined by plotting the BMI value. Using this chart, obesity is defined as a BMI value that is at or above the 95th percentile for children who are of the same sex and age. Overweight is described as a BMI value at or above the 85th percentile but lower than the 95th percentile. Between the year 2003 and 2006, a National Health and Nutrition study indicatedRead MoreObesity : The Weight Of The Nation897 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesChild Obesity, does not entirely disagree with, Whose Faul t is our fat? they believe that the theory of lack of exercise causes obesity needs to be expanded. Their idea of obesity stemming from stress is a relatively new discovery. Family Stressors and Child Obesity, surveyed over two thousand children and adolescence from age five to seventeen. The article looked for a connection between obesity and six common stressors: family disruption and conflict, mental and physical health problems, housingRead MoreEating Disorders : Eating Disorder Essay1524 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagespreoccupied with food and weight that they often cannot focus on anything else. Amongst all the eating disorder the main types are anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, and binge-eating disorder, which are all psychological illnesses. The disorders vary between eating extremely small amounts of food, to not eating at all, or to severely overeating. Each of these eating disorders can cause serious physical and psychological problems, and at their most severe, can even be life- threatening (American PsychiatricRead MoreEssay on Coronary Heart Disease982 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesattention has been focused on the correlation between a high intake and the incidence of Coronary Heart Disease. Overweight and obese people are the most likely to be at risk especially those who have extra weight around there middle which is Ã¢â¬Ëapple shapedÃ¢â¬â¢ as opposed to those who have much of their weight around their hips and thighs, these people are said to be Ã¢â¬Ëpear-shapedÃ¢â¬â¢. A factor corresponding to obesity is the role of exercise. Many people in the UK lead veryRead MoreObesity Stigma As An Outdoor Leisure Constraint2785 Words Ã |Ã 12 PagesUnited States, the epidemic of obesity and overweight is plaguing the nation. Millions are experiencing the negative physiological and psychological effects of obesity. This problem can be solved in part through outdoor recreation, due to the physical benefits adventure sports provide and the psychological benefits of being outdoors. Unfortunately, there is a strong and fairly subliminal stigma against participants and leaders who identify as overweight or obese in the outdoor industry. Some suggestionsRead MoreChildhood Obesity Is A Tremendous Problem Among Our Youth Today1707 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesprevalence of obesity has increased dramatically. Studies show that in the last 30 years the percent of 6-to 11- year-olds as well as the percent of 12- to 19- year -olds who fall under the obese or overweight category has tripled (Finkelstein). Nearly two out of every three Am ericans are overweight or obese, and one out of every eight deaths in the United States is caused by an obesity-related illness (Carmona). Obesity has always been an issue, but in recent decades the severity of the cases ofRead MoreObesity : A Social And Economic Impact On Public Health Policy Essay1622 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages Obesity in Adults: Introduction Obesity is defined as the excessive body fat accumulation that negatively impacts adult health conditions. Overweight and obese BMI is between 25 and 30 and 30. In 2010, obesity is a major public health issue that affects one million overweight adults and 400 million obese worldwide. Obesity is associated with risk factors such as diabetes, cardiovascular disease, cancer, and obstructive sleep apnea etc. (Fock Khow, 2013)
Monday, December 9, 2019
The Imagery Of Blood In Macbeth Essay Imagery Of Blood MacBeth, the dramatic play written by WilliamShakespeare has many good examples of imagery, especially blood. The playopens with the weird sisters talking about meeting again and talking aboutMacBeth. A war has just ended, making MacBeth a Brave hero because he isthe general of the Scottish army and they won. MacBeth is the thane ofGlamis, and then becomes the Thane of Cawdor. The weird sisters makemany predictions to Macbeth, all of which come true. MacBeth makes the lastprediction come true by killing King Duncan. The imagery of blood is veryimportant in MacBeth. It symbolizes honor and bravery and also deceit andevil. In the beginning of the play blood is something of honor and bravery andsymbolizes good and victory. The blood on MacBeths sword after the warshows him to be a brave hero because of the enemy he killed. He is known asBrave MacBeth to everyone including King Duncan. His bravery earns himthe title of Thane of Cawdor, because the thane of Cawdor was exe cuted fortreason. The blood at the beginning of the play earns MacBeth respect and atitle. MacBeth is feeling very guilty about the murder of King Duncan andBanquo. With all great Neptunes ocean wash this blood clean from myhand? No, this my hand will rather the multitudinous seas in carnadine, makingthe green one red, shows the great guilt that blood represents at this point inthe play. What MacBeth means is that with all of the water in the ocean couldnot wash his hands clean from the deed he has just done. If he where to tryand wash his hands in the ocean it would turn it red because there is so muchblood on his hands. Not only does MacBeth feel guilty about the Murder ofKing Duncan but he also feels very guilty about the murder of Banquo. Hesees Banquos ghost and his bloody head. Blood represents a lot of guilt forLady MacBeth near the end of the play. During the play Lady MacBeth is theone who tries to keep MacBeth sane and keep from breaking. She tells himthat he is not a man and things around that nature to try and help he bestronger and stay in control about the murder of King Duncan. Lady MacBethseems to be fine about the whole thing, not showing any sign of remorse orguilt until near the end when she sleep walks and tells the story of the murder. She continually washes her hands, What, will these hands never be clean,she says during her sleepwalk. Heres the smell of blood still. All theperfumes of Arabia could not sweeten this little hand. Again showing theimagery of blood used as guilt. The imagery of blood is used in two differentviews. One of good and the other of evil. In the beginning of the play blood isshown as honor and bravery and to wards the end it is shown as guilt andbad. MacBeth makes the predictions of the weird sisters come true, and thatis how the problems started. MacBeth got too greedy and wanted too muchpower, which led to his downfall. William Shakespeare uses imagery very wellin MacBeth; Blood was one of the most important in the beginning and endof the play. Category: Book Reports
Sunday, December 1, 2019
Influences on the Constitution Essay Example Paper Influences on the Constitution Essay Introduction The Constitution was adopted on September 17, 1787, by theConstitutional Conventionin Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, andratifiedby conventions in elevenStates. It went into effect on March 4, 1789. The historical influences behind the constitution included Aristotle, the Magna Carta, the writings of John Locke, and the English Bill of Rights from 1689. The Magna Carta was written in 1215.It was the first document to challenge the authority of the king, subjecting him to the rule of the law and protecting nobles from feudal abuse. When Englishmen went to the colonies they were given chartersthat guaranteed them and their heirs would Ã¢â¬Å"have and enjoy all liberties and immunities of free and natural subjects. Ã¢â¬ The document clearly stated that no free man could be prosecuted by any means other than the law of the land. The Magna CartaÃ¢â¬â¢s fundamental rights and principles included due process of law and trial by jury.Taking a cue from the document more than five centuries l ater, American revolutionaries incorporated many of the Magna CartaÃ¢â¬â¢s basic ideas into another important piece of parchment Ã¢â¬â the U. S. Constitution. Another important document was the Mayflower Compact. Drawn up by the 41 adult males from the Mayflower, the new settlers from Plymouth created a contractwith fair and equal laws, for the Ã¢â¬Å"general goodÃ¢â¬ . They had traveled across the ocean on the ship Mayflower which was anchored in what is now Provincetown Harbor near Cape Cod, Massachusetts.The Mayflower settlers knew from previous attempts without some type of government theywould fail. It allowed them to practice Protestant instead ofthe Church ofEngland and other liberties without command. The Mayflower Compact was drawn up with fair and equal laws, for the general good of the settlement and with the will of the majority. The Constitution was based on the same principles of the Mayflower Compact. All men are created equal and endowed with unalienable right s.Agreed to by the Continental Congress on November 15, 1777 and in effect after ratification by Maryland, March 1 1781, theArticles of Confederationserved as a bridge between the initial government by the Continental Congress of the Revolutionary period and the federal government provided under theConstitution for the United Statesin effect March 4, 1789. It was an agreement among the 13 founding states that established the United States of America as a confederation of sovereign states. The Articles were replaced with the US Constitution.The new Constitution provided for a much stronger national government with a chief executive (the president), courts, and a federal Congress. The Northwest Ordinance was an act of the Congress of the Confederation of the United States passed July 13, 1787. The primary effect of the ordinance was the creation of the Northwest Territory, the first organized territory of the United States, from lands south of the Great Lakes, north and west of the Oh io River, and east of the Mississippi River.Arguably the single most important piece of legislation passed by members of the earlier Continental Congresses other than the Declaration of Independence, it established the precedent by which the federal government would be sovereign and expand westward across North America with the admission of new states, rather than with the expansion of existing states and their established sovereignty under the Articles of Confederation.The Northwest Ordinance laid out the details of the admission process. When a territory reached 60,000 people it could create a constitution and apply for statehood. This procedure was first applied to Ohio in 1803, and served as a continuing model for the remainder of the United States.Many of the guarantees in the Constitution and Bill of Rights were anticipated by the Northwest Ordinance: Freedom of religion, Habeas corpus, the right to bail and trial by jury, no cruel and unusual punishment, right to enter freely into private contracts and right to compensation for eminent domain The Declaration of Independence is a statement adopted by the Continental Congress on July 4, 1776, which announced that the 13 American colonies, then at war with Great Britain, regarded themselves as independent states, and no longer a part of the British Empire.American presidents and civil rights leaders have invoked it throughout our history. The Declaration of Independence remains the most succinct statement of AmericaÃ¢â¬â¢s constitutional ideals. Within the context of our countryÃ¢â¬â¢s history, the document articulated those constitutional values which had relevance for all mankind. Constitution-makers throughout the world referred to the document in precisely such terms during the past two hundred years. Thomas Hobbes was an English philosopher best known for his work on political philosophy.He wrote the book Ã¢â¬Å"LeviathanÃ¢â¬ which established the foundation for most of Western political philos ophy from the perspective of social contract theory. HobbesÃ¢â¬â¢s view of society and its leaders was founded on pessimism. He saw people as weak and selfish, and thus in constant need of the governance that could save them from destruction. These ideas profoundly affected the Federalists during the early formation of U. S. law. The Federalists turned to HobbesÃ¢â¬â¢s work for justification for passage of the U. S.Constitution as well as for intellectual support for their own movement in the years following that passage. Today, Hobbes is read not only for his lasting contributions to political-legal theory in general but for the ideas that helped shape U. S. history. John Locke was a British philosopher, Oxford academic and medical researcher. LockeÃ¢â¬â¢s monumental An Essay Concerning Human Understanding (1689) is one of the first great defenses of empiricism and concerns itself with determining the limits of human understanding in respect to a wide spectrum of topics.Locke exercised a profound influence on political philosophy, in particular on modern liberalism. Thomas Jefferson adopted some of John LockeÃ¢â¬â¢s ideas in to the constitution such as; The four basic rights: life, liberty, equality, and pursuit of happiness; The representatives: The government arises from the consent of the governed; the power of government should be distributed among different institution; The responsibility of government must protect those rights; if the government infringes those rights, it needs to be changed.Locke was involved in the writing of the fundamental constitution of the Carolinas. Benjamin Franklin was one of the Founding Fathers of the United States, helped draft the Declaration of Independence and the U. S Constitution, and negotiated the 1783 Treaty of Paris, which marked the end of the Revolutionary War. He was suspicious of strong central governments and governors, be they kings or presidents. Franklin advocated a three-person presidential committ ee rather than having a single president.Of the proposal to have a one-man president, he said, Ã¢â¬Å"The government is likely to be well-administered for a course of years, and can only end in despotism. Ã¢â¬ Alexander Hamilton was one of the Founding Fathers of the United States. He was chief of staff to General Washington, one of the most influential interpreters and promoters of the Constitution, the founder of the nationÃ¢â¬â¢s financial system, and the founder of the first American political party. He believed that elected officials needed to govern on behalf of people who were not educated enough to govern.Patrick Henry was one of the Founding Fathers of the United States. Patrick Henry was an American attorney and served as the 1st and 6th governor of Virginia. He was regarded as most influential champions of Ã¢â¬Å"RepublicanismÃ¢â¬ and an invested promoter of the American Revolution and its fight for independence. He was notably remembered for his Ã¢â¬Å"Give me Li berty or Give me DeathÃ¢â¬ speech. A radical democrat, he supported combining the executive and the legislative into a single elected body and opposed the Constitution. Thomas Jefferson was one of the Founding Fathers of the United States.He was the 3rd President of the United States and principal author of the Declaration of Independence. He also represented Virginia in the Ã¢â¬Å"Continental CongressÃ¢â¬ . He believed that the preservation of natural rights and consent of the governed was a crucial part of the social contract. The views of Alexander Hamilton and Thomas Jefferson compare and contrast in many different ways. Here we describe a few. In comparison, Hamilton and Jefferson foresaw the new nation as a great future power, and both had very different maps of how to get it there.Both were members of George WashingtonÃ¢â¬â¢s cabinet. In contrast, Jefferson believed the nationÃ¢â¬â¢s strength lay in its agricultural roots. He favored an agrarian nation with most powe rs reserved for the states. He was very opposed to a strong central authority and believed that the people were the final authority in government. Jefferson also encouraged active support for the French Revolution. Hamilton favored a strong central authority. He believed a strong government was necessary to provide order so that business and industry could grow.He envisioned America becoming an industrial power. To this end he sought to establish a national bank and fund the national debt in order to establish firm base for national credit. Hamilton believed that the government should be run by those who were educated and wealthy rather than by Ã¢â¬Å"the mob. Ã¢â¬ Reference : http://www. archives. gov/exhibits/featured_documents/magna_carta/ http://www. livescience. com/2458-magna-carta-changed-world. html http://www. barefootsworld. net/aoc1777. html http://www. americanhistoryusa. com/northwest-ordinance-1787-effects/) Influences on the Constitution Essay Thank you for reading this Sample!
Tuesday, November 26, 2019
homosexuality in the media essays Throughout life we deal with many different constants. From the speed of light to the knowledge that a good friend is close by, constants give us security and a piece of mind in a world that is rapidly changing and expanding right before our very eyes. While many aspects of life are there to constantly bring us comfort, others are there to constantly challenge our perspective of reality. These challenging features may sometimes bring us pain as a society, well...as my mother always said, what doesnt kill you makes you stronger. Since the onset of motion pictures we have become accustom to viewing our societal challenges on the big screen. We were there when our countries bloodiest battle led to the ravaging of Terra. Our own eyes were witness to the ruthless Mrs. Robinson as she fought to keep her daughter away from the man that she loves. More recently, our society was able to feel for a Philadelphia lawyer as he fought against corporate discrimination. While emancipation an d the womens movement were very important events in the maturation of our country, the issue that we are currently dealing with is the evolution of homosexuality into every-day America. In modern day America we deal with the idea of gay equality in every step that we take. Weather a petition is getting signed to constitutionally ban same-sex marriages or a boy in Wyoming is tied to a fence because of his sexuality...the hatred is everywhere. American cinema is often the place where we as a culture test out our ideas on a general public. The idea that is in the mind of many Americans lately is that of our changing paradigm of family. No place is this modern and changing paradigm more evident then in our own cinema. Gay characters, in one form or another, have been with us since the very first motion picture. The most notable gay characters have often been portrayed as the sissy, or an evil villain . The first line of f...
Saturday, November 23, 2019
Tips Tricks for Writing an Argumentative Essay Argumentative essay is a relatively difficult type of college writing. However, with our help it wonÃ¢â¬â¢t cause you any problems. Argumentative Essay: Key Features and Useful Tips Being one of the most common college writing tasks, argumentative essay is still a problem for a lot of students. There are many reasons for that. First of all, you need to study chosen issue and find enough facts to prove your point. On the other hand, a short essay form requires you to express your thoughts in a concise and persuasive way. This paper should also meet a list of standards. First of all, letÃ¢â¬â¢s answer the question, what is an argumentative essay? This type of writing tasks implies research, analysis of evidences, and your clear position on an issue youÃ¢â¬â¢re writing about. This kind of writing is based on the work with previously published materials, such as articles, statistics, books, etc. The first step of the argumentative essay writing is your clear point on the selected topic. You need to start your essay with the introduction, and this is exactly where you need to introduce your key statement. Here you also need to explain why you consider such a topic important, as well as why others should care about it. This part of your essay is of key importance, since itÃ¢â¬â¢s the first thing that your readers see. Writing an argumentative essay, you have to develop logical structure. Let your readers easily move from one point to another, so they could understand you clearly. Make transitions between key sections of your text; this will make the essay easy to read, and to analyze. You also need to keep your research limited to the main topic. DonÃ¢â¬â¢t make it too broad; a perfect argumentative essay should explain main issue as fully as possible, without unnecessary data. However, you have to not be one-sided. Make sure that you provide different points of view, especially writing about controversial issues. Of course, such a task is rather difficult, so itÃ¢â¬â¢s no surprise if you want to find argumentative essay help. Fortunately, we have a perfect solution for you. Even if you donÃ¢â¬â¢t know how to write an argumentative essay at all, we can help you get highest grades. Our professional service is specialized in helping students with writing of any kind. You can contact us anytime and be sure that your essay will impress readers. Now you donÃ¢â¬â¢t need to spend a lot of time searching for catchy phrases, and trying to polish your style and grammar. We will do it for you, and we wonÃ¢â¬â¢t charge you extra money. Our service is qualitative, fast and cheap. Just contact us right now, buy argumentative essay, and enjoy new opportunities!
Thursday, November 21, 2019
Resistance to Organizational Strategic Change - Essay Example However the effects of the resistance to organizational change, various ways have been adopted to overcome the resistance. This essay puts into perspective various methods of managing resistance to change through aspects of education, participation, negotiation, facilitation, and coercion. It will further engage in identifying the best strategy to use at a given time, how it is supposed to be used, some of their advantages, as well as the limitations. Opposition to change usually begins with an individual and then spreads to create a faction in the organization (Kavanagh and Ashkanasy 2006). This essay attempts to answer the following questions: 1. What are the strategic developments that BMW has adopted and how can resistance to change be overcome? 2. How can the strategic developments in company be analyzed using the example of BMW? 3. What recommendations can be made in regard to the case scenario of BMWÃ¢â¬â¢s strategic developments? BMW is an international motor company that h as engaged in a plan to keep the company top in the industry by making appropriate and timely changes in the organization. The company has gone to the heights of making changes in its operations, staffing as well as in the management to ensure that they conform to the changing trends. Such changes have confronted opposition directly or indirectly. Resistance to organizational change can be overcome through proper policies that involve adequate preparedness and thorough sensitization of all the involved personnel. When confronted with the need for change, there are factors that organizations need to consider before the change is effected. Firstly, the organization should have a prospect of the resistance that is expected from the employees and the organizational system. The organization is composite and therefore, all its facets should be put into consideration before a change can be made. Secondly, it is important to consider the agency of the change in order to plan on how to handl e resistance. Decisions that are urgent and need immediate intervention are supposed to be handled with caution and the resistance handled immediately it immerges. In contrary, long term changes may take more time to implement and may involve extensive consultations. Thirdly, the most accurate information should be available about the change. This facilitates ease adoption and casts any doubt and suspicion. Lastly, it is important to consider the mover of the change relative to the position in the organization (Potter and Schlesinger 2008, pg 1). This is because a junior staff pushing a change alone without the support of the senior staff can be an overwhelming task, it is important that all the employees collaborate in effecting the change. Resistance from the high cadres of the organizational management or indifference can result to failure of the change. Apart from analyzing factors relating to the situation of the change, the rate of the adoption of the change is determined. It is important to analyze the situation carefully if it extensive and is deep. In addition, if the change proves to involve many people and some good amount of information, then it means it will have to be implemented in slow phases. For example, BMWÃ¢â¬â¢s change of the board of management structure in 2012 involved extensive consultations across the managers and the stakeholders. The aim of the change was to incorporate a
Tuesday, November 19, 2019
Commodity fetishism - Essay Example Significantly, these dynamics form the framework of both subjects and popular cultural forms. Commodity fetishism is not merely a notion or illusion. It refers to the functioning of capitalism as a system, and explains why media representation has ideological power. The 1994 Cannes Film FestivalÃ¢â¬â¢s Palme dÃ¢â¬â¢Or award-winning film Pulp Fiction (Quentin Tarantino, USA, 1994) consists of a trio of stories revolving around the Ã¢â¬Å"violent misadventures of a collection of outlaws Ã¢â¬â right out of the pages of pulp fictionÃ¢â¬ (Marlow, 2001: 90). MarxÃ¢â¬â¢s theory of commodity fetishism explains the ideological concepts in the film. Thesis Statement: The purpose of this paper is to provide an ideology critique of the film Pulp Fiction written and directed by Quentin Tarantino, 1994. The critique will be based on MarxÃ¢â¬â¢s theory of commodity fetishism. Extensive changes have occurred in cultural, political and economic practices since around 1972. These changes are related to the new major ways in which time and space are experienced by individuals. Postmodernism is related to the culture of the advanced capitalist societies, with a changing sensibility and a shift in the structure of feeling, in practices, and discourse formations. This leads to new assumptions, experiences and propositions, as evident in cultural manifestations and the media including films (Harvey, 1989). Developed by modernist culture, Ã¢â¬Å"the postmodern is characterized by experiments in time, space and perceptionÃ¢â¬ (Wayne, 2005: 108); it is now increasingly integrated with popular genres, as in Pulp Fiction and other films such as The Usual Suspects (Bryan Singer, 1995), and Sliding Doors (Peter Howitt, 1998). Quentin TarantinoÃ¢â¬â¢s 1994 film Pulp Fiction is Ã¢â¬Å"one of the best examples of the mysterious subtext of the curio shop in contemporary narrativesÃ¢â¬ (Goh, 2002: 19). The film has been highly popular, winning critical acclaim,
Sunday, November 17, 2019
The Senate of the United States Essay The national government of the United States of America is divided into three branches: the executive, legislative and judiciary.Ã The legislative branch is further divided into two, the House of Representatives and the Senate.Ã Indeed, the Senate is a law-making body, but what is its role and function in the political system of the United States?Ã How did it come into existence?Ã This research paper aims to discuss the history of the United States Senate, as well as its role and function in the United States political system. Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã The history of the United States Senate began on July 16, 1787 (Ã¢â¬Å"Senate CreatedÃ¢â¬ ).Ã During this date, those who wrote the U.S. Constitution, also known as Framers, decided upon what is called the Ã¢â¬Å"Great Compromise,Ã¢â¬ which is also called as the Ã¢â¬Å"Connecticut CompromiseÃ¢â¬ (Ã¢â¬Å"Senate CreatedÃ¢â¬ ; Ã¢â¬Å"The SenateÃ¢â¬ ).Ã This compromise was responsible for the creation of a bilateral legislature; the Senate would equally represent all the states, and the House of Representatives would do the same, only Ã¢â¬Å"in proportion to their respective populationsÃ¢â¬ (Ã¢â¬Å"ChronologyÃ¢â¬ ; Ã¢â¬Å"Senate CreatedÃ¢â¬ ). Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã The Constitution Framers established the Senate to protect the rights of every state as well as the voice of the minority in a federal government (Ã¢â¬Å"SenateÃ¢â¬ ).Ã In creating the Senate, the councils of colonial governors and the state senates that were derived from them were used as a pattern.Ã According to James Madison, the Senate had two roles (Ã¢â¬Å"SenateÃ¢â¬ ).Ã The first one is Ã¢â¬Å"to protect the people against their rulersÃ¢â¬ ; the second is Ã¢â¬Å"to protect the people against the transient impressions into which they themselves might be ledÃ¢â¬ (qtd. in Ã¢â¬Å"SenateÃ¢â¬ ). Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Before the compromise was made, the state delegates insisted that state representation must be consistent with the state size (Ã¢â¬Å"The SenateÃ¢â¬ ).Ã This means that it is the population of the state that would dictate how many senators would represent them.Ã This would result in the Senate having the upper hand in the legislative branch due to their number.Ã After the Compromise was made, the Senate and the House were given equal allotment of power (Ã¢â¬Å"The SenateÃ¢â¬ ). Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã The equal allotment of power between Senate and the House was made for purposes of balance among the small and big states during the Constitutional Convention (Ã¢â¬Å"SenateÃ¢â¬ ).Ã To secure the jurisdiction of the particular states, the Framers determined that the Ã¢â¬Å"state legislatures would elect senatorsÃ¢â¬ (Ã¢â¬Å"SenateÃ¢â¬ ).Ã Consequently, the Framers gave these senators a term that lasts for six years, as opposed to House members term of only 2 years.Ã Madison explained that there is stability in a longer term. He reasoned that there are more House members than senators in the legislative branch; it is only through the giving of longer terms for senators that would prevent the legislative branch from being Ã¢â¬Å"overwhelmedÃ¢â¬ (Ã¢â¬Å"SenateÃ¢â¬ ).Ã However, some people expressed concern over the possibility of aristocracy that comes with a longer term; as a result, it was established that the terms of the senators would Ã¢â¬Å"expire every two yearsÃ¢â¬ (Ã¢â¬Å"SenateÃ¢â¬ ). Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã The Constitutional Convention also determined the number of senators per state (Ã¢â¬Å"The SenateÃ¢â¬ ).Ã One senator did not seem a reasonable option.Ã This is because during the senators sickness or absence, no one would substitute for him and his state would have no representative at that time.Ã The next problem was adding too many people in the Senate.Ã If there are more senators, the Senate would be bigger and hold more influence than the members of the House. If the quantity of senators continues to increase, the quality of the Senate would decrease.Ã This is because an overcrowded Senate would not fulfill its role and function well.Ã In the end, the delegates had to decide between having two or three senators.Ã In the end, it was decided that every state would have two senators, as indicated in the Constitution.Ã On September 17, 1787, out of the 55 delegates of the Constitutional Convention, only 39 wrote their signatures in the Constitution (Ã¢â¬Å"The SenateÃ¢â¬ ). Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã On September 30, 1788, the first senators of the United States were elected (Ã¢â¬Å"Senate CreatedÃ¢â¬ ).Ã They were Pennsylvania Senators Robert Morris and William Maclay.Ã The victory of Maclay was relevant; this is because he was the only one who maintained a diary of the sessions at the Senate at a time when they occurred Ã¢â¬Å"behind closed doorsÃ¢â¬ (Ã¢â¬Å"Senate CreatedÃ¢â¬ ). Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã In 1789, March 4th marked the first assembly of the Senate at chamber in the second storey of Federal Hall in New York (Ã¢â¬Å"ChronologyÃ¢â¬ ; Ã¢â¬Å"SenateÃ¢â¬ ).Ã That same year, on April 6th, the Senate accomplished its first quorum, with twelve members present (Ã¢â¬Å"ChronologyÃ¢â¬ ; Ã¢â¬Å"SenateÃ¢â¬ ).Ã With New Hampshire Senator John Langdon as Ã¢â¬Å"president pro tempore,Ã¢â¬ the first task of the Senate was to convene with the members of the House to tabulate the ballots of the recent elections, in which George Washington emerged victorious in the presidential race (Ã¢â¬Å"Senate CreatedÃ¢â¬ ). It was also the day when the senators elected Ã¢â¬Å"a doorkeeper, secretary, and chaplainÃ¢â¬ (Ã¢â¬Å"ChronologyÃ¢â¬ ).Ã Vice President John Adams took oath on April 21st; President Washington did the same on the 30th (Ã¢â¬Å"SenateÃ¢â¬ ). Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã On December 6, 1790, the U.S. Congress started to take residence in Philadelphia; they would stay in this address for a decade (Ã¢â¬Å"ChronologyÃ¢â¬ ).Ã On November 17, 1800, the Senate moved to the north wing of the Capitol in Washington, D.C., despite the fact that it was not yet finished.Ã Four days after, the Senate had Ã¢â¬Å"its first quorum in the new national capitalÃ¢â¬ (Ã¢â¬Å"ChronologyÃ¢â¬ ). In the beginning of the Constitutional Convention, the Framers initially wanted to assign the authority of creating treaties and appointing judges in federal courts and ambassadors (Ã¢â¬Å"SenateÃ¢â¬ ).Ã In the end, however, it was decided that these tasks were to be shared by both the Senate and the president.Ã The president is responsible for making the nomination, while it is the senatorsÃ¢â¬â¢ job to either agree or disagree. The Senate became responsible for giving consent on nominations and treaties given by the president (Ã¢â¬Å"SenateÃ¢â¬ ). On June 24, 1795, the Senate exercised its power by approving JayÃ¢â¬â¢s Treaty (Ã¢â¬Å"ChronologyÃ¢â¬ ).Ã On December 15th that same year, they also exercised authority over the federal courts as they rejected the nomination of John Rutledge for the Supreme Court (Ã¢â¬Å"ChronologyÃ¢â¬ ). December 1795 marked the end of the long tradition of having legislative sessions in private (Ã¢â¬Å"ChronologyÃ¢â¬ ).Ã On January 5, 1802, stenographers and note takers were granted permission by the Senate to enter the chamber floor (Ã¢â¬Å"ChronologyÃ¢â¬ ). There had been many changes that occurred in the U.S. Senate.Ã To begin with, the number of senators had significantly increased through the centuries (Ã¢â¬Å"SenateÃ¢â¬ ).Ã In addition, the Senate now has committees, something that was not included by the Framers during the creation of the Senate.Ã Initially, the committees were temporary and were created for legislation.Ã At present, the committees have been made permanent.Ã The 1920s ushered in an era when the Senate committees have assumed a more substantial role, this time in the field of investigation.Ã The committees held investigations which dealt with issues in government, such the leasing of oil in the1920s, the Vietnam War in the 1960s and the Watergate Scandal of the 1970s (Ã¢â¬Å"SenateÃ¢â¬ ). The United States Senate was initially created for state representation. The role of the Senate was preserve statesÃ¢â¬â¢ rights and opinion, to equally distribute power in both federal and state governments.Ã Through time, it has become more relevant.Ã From approving nominations and treaties to taking part in crucial investigations, the Senate has assumed a bigger role in U.S. government.Ã In the end, it is the U.S. Senate that provides balance in the U.S. political system. Works Cited Baker, Richard. Ã¢â¬Å"Senate Created.Ã¢â¬ United States Senate. 15 April 2008 http://www.senate.gov/artandhistory/history/minute/Senate_Created.htm. Baker, Richard. Ã¢â¬Å"US History Companion: Senate.Ã¢â¬ Answers.com. 15 April 2008 http://www.answers.com/topic/united-states-senate. United States Senate. Ã¢â¬Å"Senate Chronology.Ã¢â¬ 15 April 2008 http://www.senate.gov/pagelayout/history/one_item_and_teasers/chronology.htm. United States Senate. Ã¢â¬Å"The Senate and the United States Constitution.Ã¢â¬ 15 April 2008 http://www.senate.gov/artandhistory/history/common/briefing/Constitution_Senate.htm.
Thursday, November 14, 2019
War affects everyone involved - the conquerors and those being conquered. War is a struggle that is internal and external. Man can be a dedicated and loyal soldier for only so much at a time. He then longs for laughter, music, girls, a good meal and more. In The Moon is Down, the soldiers feel the need to return home. They begin to doubt what they are doing and if they are being told the truth. They become uneasy when the enemy doesn't talk to them. The townspeople's hatred is growing. They remained indoors and stared from behind curtains while the patrol walked through the town. Lieutenant Tonder was a romantic naive poet who felt the enemy should love him. Steinbeck presented Tonder as "a bitter poet who dreamed of perfect, ideal love of elevated young men for poor girls" (25). When Lieutenant Tonder first arrived in town he thought that it was a nice country with nice people. Tonder says, "There are some beautiful farms here. If four or five of them were thrown together, it would be a nice place to settle, I think" (34). The war was not ending as quickly as Tonder expected. The townspeople had become the silent enemies of the soldiers or the townspeople became silent waiting for revenge. "Now it was the conqueror was surrounded, the men of the battalion alone among silent enemies, and no man might relax his guard for even a moment" (65). The soldiers now have only each other to talk to and Tonder longed to go home. "The men of the battalion came to detest the place they had conquered,...and gradually a little fear began to grow in the conquerors, a fear that it would never be over" (65-66). In war, as time goes on fear begins to settle on soldiers. "Thus it came about that the conquerors grew afraid of the conquered and their nerves wore thin and they shot at shadows in the night" (66-67). Tonder starts to doubt the honesty of his fellow Germans Tonder says, "If anything happened- at home, I mean - do you think they would let us know...well, I would like to get out of this god-forsaken hole!" (70-71). Tonder felt at first that this town had nice, pleasant people but as time moved on, he changed his views. "These people! These horrible people! These cold people! They never look at you.
Tuesday, November 12, 2019
Education is one of the most important things for a society to prosper and be safe which forms the character and intelligence of the individuals around the world. Education makes one able to understand what is happening in the world logically and clearly. Education enables individuals to put their potential to use and make a difference in the future. It is essential for individuals to be educated in a way that they will expand their knowledge vastly. An ideal educational model is very difficult to achieve, and is often argued over by people in society. Every person in the world is unique in their own way, having their own strengths and weaknesses. Everyone has a learning style that is unique to them, developed over time. It is absurd for educators to clump together all of these different individuals and teach them in one manor. Teachers should cater to every individual student learning capabilities. The issue in public schools today is that teachers do not have the time to teach each of their many students individually. There are too little teachers for the volume of students at public schools. In the comic titled Ã¢â¬Å"Multiple IntelligencesÃ¢â¬ an environment with various students learning in different ways is displayed. All of the different students are fully engaged in activities that interest them. This comic is showing that by allowing some freedom to students to learn in the ways they find interesting will be beneficial in the end. It is very difficult for students to receive one on one time with the teacher. An increased budget to public schools would provide more teachers to better educate each student. The student should be in an environment in which they are comfortable and not pressured by the constant drilling of information. The student should be able to express themselves to the teachers if they do not understand information taught. This concept ties back to the urgency for more teachers in the public school system. In an average public school there is about twenty or thirty students to one teacher, causing most students to be unable to receive one on one time. It is also very important to maintain complete respect for the student. No matter what skill level a student has they should be treated equally to all other students. Ã¢â¬Å"The secret of Education lies in respecting the pupil. It is not for you to choose what he shall know, what he shall doÃ¢â¬ (Education). The student chooses whether or not they want to be educated, one cannot force knowledge upon a student. TeachersÃ should encourage students and provide them the tools to learn, not force students or put them down. In order to teach successfully teachers must learn about first learn about their students. Teachers must assess the studentÃ¢â¬â¢s capabilities and interests. Some students are visual learners, while others learn from hands on activities, or verbal communication. Not all students can learn through memorization, rather they learn through interest and relation to the topic. Ã¢â¬Å"To realize what an experience, or empirical situation, means, we have to call to mind the sort of situation that presents itself outside of schoolÃ¢â¬ (Democracy and Education). The curriculum should encompass material that is most useful for a student to learn. It seems that in the majority of schools, students are not given the flexibility to guide their own learning, but rather follow rigid instructions that destroy the studentÃ¢â¬â¢s imagination. Homeschooling is one pathway of education that effectively teachers each student based on their individual needs. At home there is one student, and one teacher who know the students learning capabilities completely. Ã¢â¬Å"This individualized instruction, combined with homeschooled studentsÃ¢â¬â¢ experience in studying and pursing goals on their own, may be showing long-lasting effectsÃ¢â¬ (Homeschoolers on to College). Some students need extra help in order to understand information, and homeschooling would be very beneficial to these students. No matter how many teachers are hired at a public school, it will never compare to the one on one education provided homeschooling. People, especially children enjoy receiving attention, and will often thrive when attention is given. If a child feels that they are not cared about, then they may very well fall through the cracks of public schooling. Every child should be considered when educating in a classroom setting. Everyone is differ ent, and everyone deserves a proper education.
Sunday, November 10, 2019
How does Willy Russell use dramatic devices to show the change in character and relationship in Rita and Frank. In this essay I will be exploring the dramatic devices Willy Russell uses to show the changes in characters and the development in relationships. One of the dramatic devices is the telephone. The telephone shows to me that Frank is the sort of person who never really socialises and only cares about himself and his always in his own world. Ã¢â¬Å"The telephone rings and startles him,.Ã¢â¬ This stage direction supports my point because the word Ã¢â¬Å"startlesÃ¢â¬ implies that he is shocked about the phone call as if no-one ever calls him, the word Ã¢â¬Å"startlesÃ¢â¬ , also implies that he is not focusing on what is going on around him and what he is doing and he indulges in his drink. The first impression I get of Frank is that he is emotionally unstable because he is always frantically searching for something in his bookcase, and he is constantly saying random letters and names, Ã¢â¬Å"E,Ec,E.Ã¢â¬ I also got the impression that Frank is not really interested in his job working at the university also I got the impression that Frank has always wanted to do something other than teaching, in the movie Frank is in a completely different world when his is in a lecture as well that Frank doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t really seem that interested in teaching the students at all. Another dramatic device Willy Russell uses is the door, the door in FrankÃ¢â¬â¢s study is like a barrier between him and his students, Ã¢â¬Å"IÃ¢â¬â¢m cominÃ¢â¬â¢ in, arenÃ¢â¬â¢t I? You wanna get that bleedinÃ¢â¬â¢ handle fixed.Ã¢â¬ This supports my point because the fact that Frank is not in the slight bit interested to fix the door and he knows the door is unable to open easily shows me that he is deliberately trying to keep out his students and his co-workers , this also shows me that he has a lot to hide because he is constantly in his study. The door projects the emotions of Rita before she opens the door, Ã¢â¬Å"thereÃ¢â¬â¢s another knock on the door.Ã¢â¬ This suggests that Rita is nervous and she wants to get her interview over and done with. I think Rita would be nervous because she is stepping into a world where she doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t fit in and where she stands out from other students because she comes from a lower class, also I think that Rita is nervous because she is breaking away from the traditional role expected of lower class women in the 1970Ã¢â¬â¢s. Ã¢â¬Å"IÃ¢â¬â¢m I shouldÃ¢â¬â¢ve had a baby by now. Everyone expects it.Ã¢â¬ The first impression I received from Rita is sheÃ¢â¬â¢s a lower class woman who is trying something new for the first and would probably give up after a while, Ã¢â¬Å"Because I might decide to pack it in.Ã¢â¬ During Act 1 Scene 1 Rita shows that she is really determined to become a student and educate herself. Ã¢â¬Å"ItÃ¢â¬â¢s not sudden. IÃ¢â¬â¢ve been realising for ages that IÃ¢â¬â¢m out of step.Ã¢â¬ The relationship between Frank and Rita has been strong since the beginning because Frank saw something unique in Rita that his other students donÃ¢â¬â¢t have, Ã¢â¬Å"YouÃ¢â¬â¢re the first breath of fresh air thatÃ¢â¬â¢s been in this room for years.Ã¢â¬ This quote shows the strength of relationship between Frank and Rita because earlier he was talking about throwing his students out of his study window, Frank doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t really interact with his students in the way he does with Rita. I think that Frank feels that Rita is portraying the life he would love to have away from annoying students who analysis everything. Willy Russell uses the window as another dramatic device , I think that the window is significant because it shows a connection between Frank and the outside world, the window shows changes in Rita when she comes back from summer school , in the film when Frank was looking out of the window he acknowledges Rita sitting down on the bench and approaches her showing the breaking of the barrier whereas before he would have been completely oblivious to what is going on around him. Earlier in the play the breaking of the barrier by Frank was suttle, Ã¢â¬Å"youÃ¢â¬â¢re the first breath of fresh air thatÃ¢â¬â¢s been in this room for years.Ã¢â¬ This shows the breaking of the barrier of the two classes because it shows that they can get along. The change in Rita is shown by the window after summer school because in the beginning of the film , Rita hid away from the students and she looked down onto the students on the grass when she was in Franks study , But when she came back Rita mingles in with the students and pushes Frank to go out an sit on the grass with them. Ã¢â¬Å"lets go out there. On the grass.Ã¢â¬ This shows that sheÃ¢â¬â¢s breaking out of her shell and sheÃ¢â¬â¢s mixing in with the middle class and she is not standing out anymore. During the time Rita was at summer school, I think she changed remarkably in her knowledge and the language she used. Ã¢â¬Å"Blake, William Blake.Ã¢â¬ This quote supports my point because at the beginning she would have referred the poet to a person in the lower class that frank has never heard of but now she is analysing and instantly naming poets off by heart because at the end of Act 2 Scene1 she recited one of William BlakeÃ¢â¬â¢s poem Ã¢â¬Å"The Songs Of Innocence.Ã¢â¬ The Dramatic devices Willy Russell uses shows a lot of emotion between Frank and Rita , because Frank is an image Rita would like to have knowledge wise and vice versa , like the window showed a lot of changes so did the door. The first impression I get of RitaÃ¢â¬â¢s and Franks relationship is a student and teacher relationship, but as the play progresses their relationship turns into a more personal one. The play of Educating Rita was mainly based on Willy RussellÃ¢â¬â¢s life and the changes he had to go through , I feel that the dramatic devices Willy Russell uses are very successful in showing the changes in relationship and life of Rita and Frank.
Thursday, November 7, 2019
Fiscal deficit Essays - Fiscal Policy, United States Fiscal Cliff Fiscal deficit means government expenditure exceeds its revenue in any particular year. All taxpayers are affected by U.S.'s deficit and debt. Higher government debt crowds out private investment in the form of higher taxes and inflation. Higher debt raises several question marks on government ability to repay it. Due to higher debt levels, risk premium increases, which leads to rise in interest rates. High interest rates negatively interest rate sensitive sectors of the economy such as real estate, consumer durable. High government deficit results in increasing US debt. In order to reduce the current deficit, government hikes tax rate on taxpayers. High debt and fiscal deficit affect US taxpayers in the form of tax hikes, high interest rate on debt, reduced social security benefits/programs and weakening of currency. The overall effect of all these measures results in lower purchasing power of taxpayers and they are left with less money to invest or spend. Fiscal surplus means government revenue exceeds its expenditure in any particular year. When the government runs surplus, it positively affect taxpayers. There are differing ways in which government could spend surplus money. The surplus money could be used to repay debt. Government can decide to issue tax refund to taxpayers or government can increase its spend on social security benefits and programs. The overall effect of all these measures results in higher purchasing power of taxpayers and they could spend or invest more money. References How our national debt hurts our economy. (n.d.). Retrieved July 24, 2015.
Tuesday, November 5, 2019
3 ways to impress an employer at an interview 3 Easy Ways To Stand Out From The Competition While Applying For Internships Have you already graduated from a university? Do you want to apply for an internship? Perhaps now you are very worried about this, and expect how you will fight with fifty other applicants for this internship. The more competitive your future work is - the more applicants for it will be. Certainly, some of your competitors will be eliminated because of lower marks than you have. Some of them are less competent than you, and some just sloppy dressed and came for an interview. But in this way, not all are eliminated. DonÃ¢â¬â¢t be afraid! There are three simple ways to stand out even among the most experienced applicants for an internship. Of course, these methods do not guarantee that you will get the work of your dreams. But they significantly increase your chances of getting an internship. Pay attention to the quality of the future workplace Most people believe that their chance to get the desired job is not high. Therefore, they send their CVs to a large number of companies. They try to win at the expense of quantity, and not at the expense of quality. However, such people forget that the more proposals they receive, the less time they will have to visit all the interviews and carefully prepare for each of them. Better devote your time to finding the most suitable company for cooperation. Find a company that will appeal to you personally. Then study it, send a resume together with a cover letter and materials for the applications. In this way, you will get the job that you like. This is the best option. Show your personality Most university graduates pay great attention to their professional skills. They believe that precisely these skills are important in finding desired job. At the same time, everyone forgets about personal qualities. It can be: 1. Punctuality; 2. Mindfulness; 3. Active life position; 4. Responsibility; 5. Sociability; 6. Perseverance. This factor canÃ¢â¬â¢t be neglected! During the interview, tell about your personal qualities and traits. Sometimes you can show a sense of humor. If an employer is a man, and you are a girl, do not forget to smile. The same goes for the situation if you are a guy, and the employer is a woman. Due to all these simple actions, the employer will better remember you. According to research, hiring managers choose candidates they like. Dress as beautiful as possible, but not too expensive. And donÃ¢â¬â¢t forget to briefly describe your hobby. You are not a machine, you are a living person. Show that you are interested in something else besides work. Also, many managers are looking for candidates who will not only be competent specialists, but also team players. After all, such a person is a support for the whole team. So, develop the ability to interact with other employees, joke, communicate, help others. If you do not show your personality, they will never understand that you are their best candidate. Embrace Your Mistakes If you think that the main thing is not to admit mistakes in the interview, then you are mistaken. Of course, the same goes for the cover letter. But we are all people, and people tend to make mistakes. You can reread the cover letter 50 times. But still, there may be a typo. Even if you rehearsed the interview at home, you can make a mistake. But if the employer is intelligent, he understands that the candidate is not perfect. This does not mean that you do not need to prepare for an interview at all. But small gaffes are completely permissible. The important thing is not whether you are mistaken or not. The important thing is how you deal with the mistakes. In time, correct yourself, and that's enough. The hiring manager knows that if he takes you to work, you will run into problems. When this happens, everything will be wrong. Show that you can easily cope with failure. Show that you are confident and calm in any situation.
Sunday, November 3, 2019
Digital marketing presents opportunities and challenges to organizations - Essay Example This has in return triggered the human need to stay connected with their friends, thereby triggering the platforms of social networking like Facebook, Twitter etc. in every corner of the globe. Social networking which provides the power to develop linkages between individuals, communities and even organizations have sponsored the growth and development of digital marketing, which runs exclusively on the people media. The purpose of this discussion is to highlight the advantages and negative aspects of digital marketing. The discussion also intends to cover the strategies in which organizations can implement it in order to generate their competitive advantage in the market. Body Chitty and other writers have outlined in their book on digital marketing that the concept of digital marketing helps to target consumers located in every corner of the globe, irrespective of any impenetrable geographical barriers. Also, another point that was highlighted was the fact that the usage of digital marketing leads to the fact of lower cost per contact with regards to the advertising prospects of other marketing media and platforms (Chitty & et.al, 2011, p. 224).Another unique advantage as cited by Kimmel in his book is the fact that online marketing provides the companies with the chance to increase the level of involvement among the intended target audience (Kimmel, 2010, p. 210).However, Smith and Zook in their book, has outlined the fact that the digital marketing pose a significant amount of challenges as well. The important factor is that in the presence of online communities, the company sponsoring the digital marketing is unable to control the comments and feedback of online users. Thus, it has the potential to destruct a companyÃ¢â¬â¢s brand image on the basis of negative word of mouth marketing by online users on the social networking sites (Smith and Zook, 2011, p. 152). An extra disadvantage as mentioned by Prakin is the fact the digital marketing by multiple com panies may lead to overload of information to the consumers and this increasingly leads to less amount of retention for any particular brand that has participated in online branding activities (Prakin, 2008, pp. 121-139). It has to be increasingly taken into consideration that digital marketing is another form of marketing where the marketing is done online using the internet, while specifically targeting the consumers with the products and services as desired by them. Hence, it is of extreme importance that the companies need to keep in mind that the online marketing activities should be done in a complementing manner with respect to the entire marketing campaign, so that it adds value and increasingly serves the purpose for the marketing campaigns as a whole. The very initial point that has to be taken into consideration while increasingly implementing the tools of digital marketing is the process of delivering the right message from the organizational point of view to the desired target market, which helps in creating a strong bonding between the organization and the target audience. The delivery medium for the voice can range from company sponsored blog pages, twitter updates to the more commonly used social media interfaces ranging from updates on Facebook, LinkedIn, Twitter and YouTube. It has to be increasingly kept in mind that the previous mediums that are exclusively sponsored by the companies itself helps in marketing
Thursday, October 31, 2019
Management Decision Making - Essay Example This report will present an analysis of the hotelÃ¢â¬â¢s resources and systems and evaluate the financial systems, customers, internal business operations, learnings and growth of Forester using the method of balance score card. It will also employ the SERVQUAL method to help in the decision making about the change in revenue generation model. The main task of the report is to conduct an analysis of Forester Hotel in order understand the competitive priorities for the hotelÃ¢â¬â¢s customers. This is undertaken by using the Balances Score Card Method for Forester Hotel. The Balanced score card is a technique that provides in depth insights about what a given strategyÃ¢â¬â¢s impact may be on different aspects of the organization including the operational and the financial performance, the customer satisfaction and the learning and growth of the organization (Kaplan and Norton, 1996). It is an appropriate tool to arrive at the targets and measures that the organization needs to ad vocate in order to achieve its strategic vision. A Balanced Score card can be used for any organization, but it is particularly useful for service organizations where intangible compinents of operations and services need to be evaluated (Denton and White, 2000). In addition, a balanced score card lets the hotel assess the perceptions and expectations of the customers and hence make the relevant changes in its strategies (Denton and White, 2000).Ã Ã It is also an exhaustive exercise for the same reason as it involves several steps like the Systems Mapping, the Objectives Mapping and the Strategy Mapping before the balance score card can be developed. Sytem Mapping A balanced score card is however developed on the basis of the information gathered about the financial systems, the customer related systems, the internal operational systems and the learnings and growth systems of the organization. It therefore relies on an exhaustive mapping of the organization in terms of its syste ms and the interlink between them (Kaplan and Norton, 1996). The following figure is a system map and it showcases the systems that are operational at Forester Hotel. Fig 1: Forestar System Mapping Government Legal system: Standards, Licensing Financial support system: Credit, Interets rates Forestar Hotel Operating Systens Restaurants (purchase, prepare, serve) Rooms Management (scheduling $ housekeeping) Activities (schedule, maintenance) Quality Planning Staff Training Food Standards Equipment Maintenance Financial Cost/ Resource Aquisition System Control Systems HR Logistics Purchase Income Generation Capacity Planning Number of Rooms Leisure activities Construction Activities Accomodation Staff Size Food Conferences /Parties Source: Author A system map is a detailed diagram showing the inter-linkages between different sub-systems within an organization and also highlighting the influence of external systems (customer, governmental, legal) on the internal sub systems. It is an e xhaustive representation of how different processes related to each other and hence helps in identification of the impacts that any proposed changes in strategies may bring to the organization (Kaipa, 2000). The only disadvantage of using this technique is that it is time consuming and requires an in depth analysis of the organizat
Tuesday, October 29, 2019
Math Project - Essay Example The body structures like kidneys, respiratory structures have been able to be shown on their functionality which has played a major role in improving the treatment of its illnesses. Mathematical models have also helped in the coming up with structures like structures and machines contributing largely to the development of technology. Buildings are first sketched into shapes which are preferably and through that they are able to calculate on the materials to be used in the buildings. Through the models people have tried to come up with various ideas on how they can construct and also improving on the kind of structures to be put in place. Bigger and better buildings have been able to be constructed through mathematical models improving its technology as they use better machinery (Berry 2006, pg.41). Through the models most of the people who have visualize are able to put up into images and the mathematical modeling they are able to come up with building of various different shapes (Kl amkin 2007, pg.45). This has led to the emergence of machineries which are used in making work easier. Scientists find it easier to use models in coming up with ideas while creating machines in different fields. Mathematics models help in solving engineering complexities brought about by the technology evolution. It assists by giving out possibilities to be used in order to manage the technological complexities incurred. They are able to give new ideas or solutions in fewer periods thus more innovations leading to a positive effect to the industry saving time and money. Graphs have also contributed largely in determining the trend or behavior of certain things like in medicine it is used in hospitals in testing pulse rate, blood pressure and other illnesses. Through the graphics instruments in mathematical modeling various people are able to use in stating their industryÃ¢â¬â¢s potential like the industry is able to tell if there has been a rise in their profitability and also be able to see their trend and compare it with other competing companies (Gibbons 2005, pg.12). Mathematical models have been used as a teaching guide to the children as they are taught various shapes. In education and also industries it has been able to help in calculation of volume, mass which makes it easier. It has been used in calculating the amount of cement in building, construction and also in medicine in finding the amount or quantity of medicine to patients. Mathematics has contributed largely to the worldÃ¢â¬â¢s technology evolution. Its contribution has played a major role in many technologies being discovered either scientifically as is assists in calculation etc. Most of the building or infrastructure has majorly depended on calculations in order to put up structures (Berry 2006, pg.67). Through calculus and geometry they are able to construct a sketch on the architecture world. Mathematics provides the platform for architecture through the measurements for example math ematics contributes the unit of measurement for building in meters, inches or feet in which technology simply encodes and decodes. Mathematics also contributes to building of technological hardware because it creates basis of forming these hardwares through shapes and sizes. Sizes in the sense that the developers use inches and centimeters to create these hardwares otherwise technology would not have a standard for example the developers of computers use inches to
Sunday, October 27, 2019
Effectiveness of global governance Never in the history of the world, has there been such dynamic and complicated level of political, social, economic and cultural fusion. The world as we have it now has evolved from the political era of colonization, which featured states like the United Kingdom and France governing almost all parts of the world, to the subsequent emancipation of states, the popularization of democracy simultaneously with the jet rate of improvement in information technology and transport, which has more or less led to the new world that we have today, the one where lives are so intertwined that distance, gender and colour are no barrier, the world where racism has lost most of its meaning, as people from different races and backgrounds are united in ensuring that the technological revolution does not negatively impact us all. The wide spread of scientific and technological discoveries has brought about the emergence of issues which transcend states borders, from free trade, deregulation, drug trade, Internet scam, Cancer, HIV, Global warming to Terrorism. These issues have more or less propelled states towards joint international efforts, aimed at providing a measure of safety and orderliness in world affairs. Global governance has been given a lot of interpretations in literatures. Global governing can be seen as the coming together of different transnational actors to address political, economic, social and cultural issues of international importance that transcend national or regional borders. This essay will attempt to focus on the existence of global governance and the people and organisations which has been instrumental to global governing, these are regarded as actors in global governance and can be grouped into the Nation-State, International organisations, Transnational or Multinational Corporations, and (International)Non Governmental Organisations. I will also go further to explore the effectiveness, or lack thereof, of global governance. This essay adopts the Neo Gramscian theory of global governance which postulates that there is the presence of hegemonic power dominance in global politics and economics. These powers uses international organisations to maintain the existence of capitalism, thus shaping global governance at the expense of a majority of the society, (Gill, 2000; Gill and Law, 1993; in Held and McGrew, 2002. P.13). I will conclude this essay by suggesting some possible reforms that can bring about some effectiveness in global governance. Global gove rnance exist in theory and practice, what remains contestable is its effectiveness in addressing global issues. Actors In The Shaping Of Global Governance THE NATION STATE The state can be defined in terms of a geographical and cultural entity, with heterogeneous or homogenous people occupying a definite territory. With this definition, we see that every geographically marked entity is a state, sovereign or not. The state as we have it today has come to be associated with sovereignty, security, power and territory, and as the only means of ensuring its citizens are well provided for. The inclusion of the state in global governance, thus, is automatic. Among all the actors in global governance, the state has the longest history of existence, seen by their citizens as their representative both nationally and internationally. The bloc of nations regarded as developed countries are those indutrialized states which have enjoyed aeons of political and economic dominance, while the developing countries is reserved for The state has been instrumental in the creation of all other political actors, (Held, 2000. P.398). International organisations are the result of state deliberations and agreement, free trade, liberalized economy, recognition of fundamental human rights, and democracy adopted by the states have given transnational corporations and Non Governmental organisations alike, the freedom to contribute to global governance. The inclusion of these non state actors in governance, to some people, has eroded the powers enjoyed by the states,(Mathews, 1997. p.50) while this might be true to an extent, it is noteworthy that the state still remains the most powerful actors, controlling the international institutions and their own territories. States like the United States of America, with a strong dose of hegemonic power, and China still get veto power on most issues in the international arena, and since international institutions laws are binding on NGOs and TNCs alike, it follows that they are still a little bit indirectly controlled by the states. INTERNATIONAL ORGANISATIONS International organisations simply refer to those organisations which are created as a result of the enhanced relationships between states, for the purpose of overseeing political, economic, and social relations between them, to ensure fair dealings amongst states, and act as an arbitrator whenever dispute arises. International organisations can be split into those organisations set up through state agreements (membership is optional for all nations of the world), and those which are also set up by the state, but for states sharing the same region,(regional organisations). Examples of the former include The United Nations, The World Trade Organization(WTO) formerly the General Agreements on Tariffs and Trade (GATT), The World Bank, and The International Monetary Fund(IMF). Examples of the latter include The European Union(EU), The North American Free Trade Agreement(NAFTA), The African Union(AU), and The Association of Southeast Asian Nations,(ASEAN). The international organisations like the GATT, IMF and the World Bank were established during the Bretton Woods conference following the great depression. The United Nations was established in 1945 to promote international peace and cooperation, world security and human rights. Its membership include almost all soveriegn nations of the world and it has a number of organisations set up to carry out its duties. Organisations which include the World Health Organisation (WHO), the World Food Programme (WFP), the United Nations Children Fund (UNICEF), and the International Court of Justice (ICJ). TRANSNATIONAL CORPORATIONS Transnational corporations are such corporations, which due to large capacity or capital, have been able to establish branches of their organisation in other countries apart from their home country. They are called transnational because they have been able to establish their subsidiaries in countries more than one. These corporations are also referred to as Multinational Corporations(MNCs). According to Held et al, MNCs account for about 25% of world production, and 70% of world trade, while their sales are equivalent to almost half of the worlds GDP(Held et al.,1999; UNCTAD,2001, in Held and McGrew. 2002: p.3). These corporations are usually privately owned, or owned by a group of persons with public shares. Examples of TNCs include Microsoft, Adidas, Wal-Mart, General Electric, Hewlett Packard, ExxonMobil, Toyota, etc. TNCs exist in every industry known to mankind. The emergence of TNCs in the global economic arena has led to their inclusion in the political arena also, as they have become forces to reckon with in the international scene. The liberalization of trade, globalisation and democracy, revolutions in information technology and transport, has enabled these corporations to transfer their technology and services to different countries with favourable market structures, and has more or less unleashed their ability to give a new meaning to global economy. Due to efficiency and technological advancements of these firms, we see the privatization of government controlled corporations to them. In Nigeria for example, the Nigerian Telecommunications was privatized, giving TNCs the right to bid and buy, which resulted into the sale of the Nigerian Telecommunications plc, to Transcorp Ltd. Government-controlled firms are increasingly outsourced to TNCs, and their expertise is sought on various occasions. The reason why TNCs are more popular and important in the world and especially in the developing world is because, due to their large capital base, they have been able to establish their presence in a lot of countries, they have enough capital to hire and pay smart technological geeks to keep them abreast of technological innovations, they even practically invent most things themselves anyway!. These companies, unlike most state departments, are sophisticated and dedicated because they are capitalists who have been able to put together a team of people who are best in providing the services required. For instance, in Nigerian federal universities, it is not uncommon to find lackadaisical attitudes to teaching amongst lecturers mainly because there is always salary disagreements between themselves and the federal government. Meanwhile, private universities in the same country can effectively boast of the best,(might not be most experienced though!) lecturers because they can afford to pay them and monitor their activities. Subsequently, they use these incentives to draw federal lecturers away from government service. Capitalism is the main driving force of TNCs, and this is a great propeller for their competition for economic and probably, political power control. NON-GOVERNMENTAL ORGANISATIONS Non Governmental organisations,(NGOs) can be regarded as organisations or movements which are not established by the government of any state, rather they are liberal activist charity groups usually founded by individuals or corporate firms, to address issues affecting the society as result of globalisation. They are either globally recognised(International NGOs), or local mobilization groups. NGOs as we see this days, have been a significant force in global governance through their involvement and activities on issues such as the protection of human rights, environmental hazards awareness, the promotion of gender equality, etc, (Held and McGrew,2002. P.244) NGOs activities, like every other sector of the world affairs, have been made easier and more global as a result of the technological revolutions, (Castells,2008. P.86). Small scale activist groups get the chance to advertise and liaise with other people who share their vision in other parts of the world, to build a strong network for their cause. Examples of INGOs include the Amnesty International, The Red Cross Society, Greenpeace, etc., all of whose specialization ranges from environmental awareness and first aid, to the popularization of fundamental human rights. NGOs are individual organisations who do not command the kind of traditional sovereignty enjoyed by the states and International organisations, or the capital that TNCs can boast of. As such, they resort to mass mobilization of workers, activists, and volunteers, as well as funds from corporate organisations, government donations, members dues, individuals committed to charity, to effectively realize their goals. Concerned with humanitarian affairs, reduction of poverty, diseases, and the improvement of the welfare of the people in the developing countries, NGOs charge themselves with the duty of providing first aid, relief materials to victims of war and natural disaster, sensitizing people about growing killer diseases, while also acting as the mouth piece for the millions of neglected people, whose voices will never be heard in the international arena. Due to the nature of their activities and scope of concentration, we often find NGOs acting in roles traditionally meant for gover nments- providing avenue for public opinion for the people, (Wilkinson, 2002. P.xii). we also find that local NGOs could actually be single people who felt they needed to make a change in their environment, a classical example being nominees of the CNN Hero awards, people like 28year old Efren PenaFlorida who founded a teen company to keep youngsters out of gangsterism, and Andrea Ivory, a lady who gives free awareness and tests to women to detect early signs of cancer, (CNN Living,2009). These people use their money, resources and time to promote a better world in their own way. The main contributions of NGOs to global governance lies in their attempt to influence the decisions of states and international organizations to include areas which affect not only the economic lives of people, but the social and cultural areas as well, in their legislations, i.e., to ensure that public opinion is sought on issues, and people benefit from both political and social globalisation. They also seek equality and social justice, (OBrien, 2007. P.394). Equality and social justice as regards gender bias, economic imbalance between nations, racism, and social stratification. NGOs have been the most effective way of ensuring increased awareness of international politics to public opinion, they have, as far as I see, been able to somewhat promote accountability and transparency in global governance. Governments now know that there are associations which will launch demonstrations and picketings on them when they make selfish policies. BENEFITS OF GLOBAL GOVERNANCE The form of global governance that we have today, regardless of obvious lapses, controversies and inconsistences, have been able to keep the world in a relative sanity, preventing anarchy, which would have been what we will have in absence of a regulating system. Due to the growing interconnectedness, the world needed a machinery that can be used to provide law and order and maintain relations. The ability of the form of governing that we have today, to successfully keep the negative aspects of globalisation to a bearable minimum, has also been a plus on its part. If we did not have international organisations to regulate and arbitrate, states would probably have been raining weapons of mass destruction on each other!. This is very important because, in globalisation of the magnitude that we currently have, there should be a system to ensure orderliness, and the International organisations are surprisingly providing this in their own way. Global governing has also been able (to a limited extent), check the excesses of governments against their own citizens and against other countries. This is more on the part of international organisations. They have been able to impose sanctions where agreements are breached, and this has promoted some form of accountability and responsibilty. It has also been able to reduce wars between nations through negotiations , arbitrations and sanctions, which probably even made going to war more tedious than before. SHORTCOMINGS OF GLOBAL GOVERNANCE People usually say that the form of global governance that we have today has done little to be effective in terms of keeping peace and maintaining economic and social stability. This is not an unfounded accusation. The inability of international organisations to effectively eradicate the gap between the rich nations and the poor nations (Murphy, C.N. 2000. P.789), socially and economically, has led to a distrust for the system. Poorer or developing nations have been given a chance to develop through free trade, and economic liberalisation, while developed countries have been given the chance to officially exploit the poor nations through this same economic policies. The policies made by these organisations are deliberated upon by participating nations, but like in the case of the United Nations, vetoed by the security council, which comprises of the most powerful nations of the world. At the end of the day, we can say most policies will not end up being objective. This also brings in the unfairness of the system. Whether it is obvious or not, global governance is still aware of hegemonic powers and their influence, as such, preference is given to them above others. Even TNCs who do not make international rules, will probably sign a deal with the United States faster than it would, say, Benin Republic, except of course if it has a capitalistic motive on the latter. The coalition of the states, international organisations, non governmental organisations, and transnational corporations, has led to multiplicity of opinion, interests, and actions. This is bound to have a negative effect on the society. Effective global governing cannot accommodate extreme diversity of opinion, and this sometimes bring chaos of ideas and ineffective policy making, and there goes the saying of Too many cooks spoil the broth!. International organisations are accountable to their creators,(the states), NGOs are accountable to their donors, while the TNCs are accountable to their owners, and possibly, shareholders. This, I see as multiplicity of allegiance which is capable of bringing diverse self interest in governance. At the end of the day, only NGOs are capable of the largest rate of accountability to the people, who are supposed to be beneficiaries of global governance. Accountability to the states by the international organisations, is supposed to be a form of ind irect accountability to the people, but this only works if the state is effectively accountable to its people. At the end of the day, it looks like they all are pursuing interests other than that of the people. Also, NGOs are obviously the only channel through which active public opinion is sought, developed nations try to do this to an extent. Developing nations most times do not have the facility or the conscience to seek public opinion. In Nigeria for example, results of the nations dealings with other countries only appear in newspapers, when most times, nobody even knew the country was entering an agreement anywhere. The media is used to seek public opinion, and more than half of the nation probably do not even have access to a television, newspaper or radio. WHAT CAN BE DONE? One of the most mportant things that can be proposed for an increased success in global governance is the increased effectiveness of international organisations,(Baylis, et al. 2008 p.35). Since international organisations are the highest determinant of regulations in economic and political activities, they should have the ability to function effectively independently of any hegemonic power or dominant state. If these organisations are equipped with mechanisms to achieve their goals and less vetoes and influence comes from the states, they might just be able to transform into organisations with enough backbone to see the world through. The possibility of total autonomy from the states might not be possible, but if partial autonomy is achieved, it will be better, at least GATT was a more dominated version of WTO and it was successfully transformed to this institution with better autonomy and standard dispute resolution techniques, (Narlikar,2005. P. 86). Efficiency in the making and execution of policies, in penalties for transgressors, sanctions, supports and objective governance, are crucial to any organisation established for regulating world affairs. If this actor of global governance is effective, it will be able to regulate the results of globalisation and the relationship between the states, NGOs and TNCs in economy and politics. NGOs and TNCs are consisted mainly of private organisations, so the most effective way to achieve effective governance is through the international organisations who can check the excesses of the other actors. There also needs to be a balance between the attention given to economic, political and social issues. The concentration of the present form of governance on global market outcomes, states competition and power tussle, has left a huge gap in the social arena. These issues should not take precedence over poverty, education, health, employment, environment, etc. less hegemonic dominance is required to build a better and sustainable system of global governance. BIBLIOGRAPHY BOOKS BAYLIS, J., SMITH, S. and OWEN, P. eds.(2005) The Globalization of World Politics: An Introduction to International Relations, 3rd ed. (Oxford: Oxford University Press). BAYLIS, J., SMITH, S., and OWEN, P. eds. (2008) The Globalisation of World Politics: An Introduction to International Relations, 3rd ed. (Oxford: Oxford University Press). GILPIN, R., (2002), A Realist Perspective on International Governance in Held, D. and McGrew, A. eds., Governing Globalization: Power, Authority and Global Governance, (Cambridge: Polity Press). Held, D. et al (1999) Corporate Power and Global Production Networks Global Transformations, (Stanford: Stanford University Press), Ch. 5: 236-282. Held, D. and McGrew, A. eds (2002) Governing Globalization: Power, Authority and Global Governance, (Cambridge: Polity press). MURPHY, C.N., (2002) Why Pay Attention To Global Governance in Wilkinson, R. and Hughes, S. eds. Global Governance: Critical Perspectives, (London: Routledge). Narlikar, A. (2005) The World Trade Organization: A very short introduction, (Oxford: Oxford University Press). OBrien, R. et al (2000) Contesting Global Governance: Multilateral Economic Institutions and Global Social Movements, (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press). OBrien, R. and Williams, M. (2007) Governing Global Political Economy Global Political Economy: Evolution and Dynamics, Ch. 13, (Basingstoke:Palgrave). Wilkinson, R. and Hughes, S. eds. (2002) Global Governance: Critical Perspectives (London: Routledge). JOURNAL ARTICLES Castells, M. (2008) The New Public Sphere: Global Civil Society, Communication Networks and Global Governance, The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political Science, 616(1): 78-93. Held, D. (2000) Regulating Globalization? The Reinvention of Politics, International Sociology, 15(2): 394-408. Mathews, J. (1997) Power Shift Foreign Affairs, 76(1): 50-66. Murphy, C.N. (2000) Global Governance: Poorly done, and Poorly Understood, International Affairs, 76(4): 789-803. Slaughter, A-M. (1997) The Real New World Order, Foreign Affairs, 76(5): 183-197. BROADCAST CNN Living, (CNN Heroes), 2009 [TV Programme] CNN, 28 November 2009.